Nicholson sums up the case of Hallaj in the following words:

“Hallaj was so deeply in earnest that it was impossible for him to compromise his conscience. Against the public authority of the Muslim Church and State he sets up the personal authority immediately derived from God with whom the saint is one. And he was no theorist like Junaid; he was suspected of dealings with the Carmathians, he had preached his faith to infidels and believers alike, and, above all sought to win converts by working “evidentiary” miracles. On these grounds he was justly condemned. His crime was not that, as later Sufis put it, “he divulged the mystery of the Divine Lordship”, but that in obedience to an inward call he proclaimed and actively asserted a truth which involves religious, political and social anarchy.”

Pg 46- The Life, Personality and Writings of Al-Junaid.

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